Workshop “The Earth’s Mantle and Core: Structure, Composition, Evolution.”

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The Earth’s Mantle and Core
Date: November 4-7, 2015
Venue: Dogo Prince Hotel: Access(pdf)
Download: Program(pdf) / Abstract (pdf) / Poster(pdf)
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Day 1, November 4th

8:15 Registration open
9:00 Welcome Message and Introductory Remarks by Tetsuo Irifune and George Helffrich
Session 1: Terrestrial Planet Formation Chair: George Helffrich
9:15 A revised chronology of the inner solar system
 Ramon Brasser (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
9:35 Giant Impacts and Terrestrial Planet Formation
 Hidenori Genda (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
9:55 ★ Keynote Lecture: Stable Isotope Evidence for Planetary Differentiation.
 Anat Shahar (Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington)
10:30 Coffee Break
Session 2: From Magma Ocean to Solid Earth Chair: M. Satish-Kumar
10:55 Invited Talk: Crystallization of magma oceans and implications for mantle convection
 Stéphane Labrosse (ENS de Lyon )
11:15 Early evolution and dynamics of Earth from a molten initial stage
 Diogo Lourenço (Institute of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich)
11:35 Metal-silicate partitioning of chlorine: Implications for the origin of terrestrial missing chlorine.
 Hideharu Kuwahara (The University of Tokyo)
11:55 Geochemical evidence for the temporal evolution of the mantle redox state: implications for the volatile outgassing
 Vincenzo Stagno (GRC/ELSI, Ehime University)
12:15 Lunch Break
Session 3: Core-Mantle interactions Chair: Taku Tsuchiya
14:30 ★ Keynote Lecture: Conductivity and correlations at High Pressure in Fe and FeO.
 Ronald Cohen (Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science)
15:05 Core Neon
 Andrew Jephcoat (ISEI, Okayama University)
15:25 ★ Keynote Lecture: Transport and Storage of Volatiles in the Mantle and Core
 Eiji Ohtani (Dept. of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University)
16:00 Coffee Break
16:25-18:00 Poster Session 1
D1-1 From Star to Stone: What Really Makes an Exoplanet “Earthlike?”
 Cayman Unterborn (School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State Univ.)
D1-2 Linear analysis on the onset of thermal convection of highly compressible fluids with variable physical properties: Implications for the mantle convection of super-Earths
 Masanori Kameyama (GRC, Ehime University)
D1-3 Melting of the Sahara 97072 meteorite (EH3 Chondrite) at 12GPa and variable temperatures
 Wei Du (GRC/ELSI, Ehime University)
D1-4 Effective temperature condition in the separation process of the core and mantle
 Hiroki Ichikawa (GRC/ELSI, Ehime University)
D1-5 Effect of a Stratified Basal Magma Ocean on the Geodynamo
 Matthieu Laneuville (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
D1-6 Major element composition of the Early Enriched Reservoir: Constraints from 142Nd/144Nd isotope systematics in the early Earth and high-pressure melting experiments of primitive peridotite
 Nozomi Kondo (Kyoto university)
D1-7 Ab initio electrical resistivity of hcp iron at earth’s inner core conditions
 Haruhiko Dekura (GRC, Ehime University)
D1-8 Hugoniot and temperature measurements of H2O up to 260 GPa under laser-driven shock loading
 Tomoaki Kimura (GRC, Ehime University)
D1-9 High-pressure in situ x-ray laminography using diamond anvil cell
 Ryuichi Nomura (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
D1-10 Phase relations of FeH at Earth’s core pressure
 Chie Kato (Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
D1-11 The eutectic liquid composition in the Fe-Fe3S binary system at the core pressure range
 Yuko Mori (Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
D1-12 Some thermodynamic properties of larnite (β-Ca2SiO4) constrained by high T/P experiment and/or theoretical simulation
 Zhihua Xiong (GRC/ELSI, Ehime University)

Day 2, November 5th

Session 1: Mantle Structure and Composition Chair: Tetsuo Irifune
9:00 ★ Keynote Lecture: The Lower Mantle: A seismological perspective
 Brian Kennett (RSES, Australian National University)
9:35 Persistence of Strong Silica-Enriched Domains in the Earth’s Lower Mantle
 John Hernlund (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
9:55 Discovery of new iron oxide Fe7O9 and its solid solution, (Mg,Fe2+)3Fe3+4O9
 Ryosuke Sinmyo (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
10:15 Invited Talk: Helium Diffusion in Mantle Minerals From First Principles
 John Brodholt (Dept. of Earth Sciences, Univ. College London)
10:35 Coffee Break
Session 2: Mantle dynamics Chair: Takashi Yoshino
11:00 ★ Keynote Lecture: Modes of slab behavior: From the Transition Zone to the Mid-Lower Mantle
 Craig Bina (Northwestern University)
11:35 Invited Talk: Multiscale Seismic Tomography and Mantle Dynamics
 Dapeng Zhao (Tohoku University)
11:55 Three-dimensional analysis of pore effect on composite elasticity by means of finite element method
 Akira Yoneda (ISEI, Okayama University)
12:15 Semi analytical model for the effective grain size profile in the mantle of the Earth
 Antoine Rozel (Institute of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich)
12:35 Lunch Break
Session 3: The Deep Lower Mantle Chair: Shigehiko Tateno
14:30 Invited Talk: The relationship of crystallographic orientation between perovskite and post-perovskite during phase transformation
 Daisuke Yamazaki (ISEI, Okayama University)
14:50 Temperature of the Lower Mantle
 Christine Houser (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
15:10 Waveform inversion for 3D structure in D”
 Kenji Kawai (The University of Tokyo)
15:30 Adjacent High- and Low-velocity regions around the Western Edge of the Pacific Large-Low Shear Velocity Province
 Satoru Tanaka (D-EARTH, JAMSTEC)
15:50 Coffee Break
16:15-18:00 Poster Session 2
D2-1 Technical developments on acoustic emissions monitoring at high pressures
 Tomohiro Ohuchi (GRC, Ehime University)
D2-2 Creep behavior of Fe-bearing olivine under hydrous conditions
 Miki Tasaka (Dept. of Geology, Niigata University)
D2-3 Stability region of the (K,Na)AlSi3O8 hollandite solid solution
 Youmo Zhou (GRC, Ehime University)
D2-4 Direct sound velocity measurements of pyrolite across the mantle transition region
 Steeve Gréaux (GRC/ELSI, Ehime University)
D2-5 Effects of the subducted slab on dynamics of the lowermost mantle
 Takeo Kaneko (Hiroshima University)
D2-6 Single crystal elasticity of the lower mantle minerals using inelastic X-ray scattering
 Hiroshi Fukui (Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo)
D2-7 Thermal equation of state of MgSiO3 post-perovskite
 Takeshi Sakai (GRC, Ehime University)
D2-8 Experimental identification of a new pyrite-type hydroxide at multimegabar pressures
 Masayuki Nishi (GRC, Ehime University)
D2-9 Technical developments in high temperature generation with sintered diamond anvils
 Takeshi Arimoto (GRC, Ehime University)
D2-10 Over 3000 oC generation in the Kawaii-Cell by boron-doped diamond cylinder
 Longjian Xie (ISEI, Okayama University)
18:30 Banquet at Dogo Prince Hotel
Kanpai by Kei Hirose

Day 3, November 6th

Session 1: Composition of the core Chair: Kei Hirose
9:00 Invited Talk: Properties of liquid iron alloys under extreme conditions
 Guillaume Morard (IMPMC, Université Pierre et Marie Curie)
9:20 Liquid iron alloys with hydrogen at outer core conditions by first-principles
 Koichiro Umemoto (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
9:40 Core Liquids: Fact and fiction
 George Helffrich (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
10:00 Crystallization of SiO2 in Earth’s core after high-temperature core formation
 Kei Hirose (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
10:20 Coffee Break
Session 2: A look into the deep Core Chair: Satoru Tanaka
10:45 Invited Talk: Linking seismic observations of Earth’s inner core boundary to deeper structure
 Lauren Waszek (Dept. of Geophysics, Univ. of Maryland)
11:05 Freezing and melting above the inner core boundary
 Marine Lasbleis (ELSI, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
11:25 Thermal structure of the inner core boundary in numerical dynamos
 Matsui Hiroaki (Univ. California Davis)
11:45 Lattice preferred orientation of hcp-iron induced by shear deformation
 Yu Nishihara (GRC, Ehime University)
12:05 Lunch Break
Shin-Gakujutsu steering Committee meeting
14:00 Excursion to Matsuyama Castle or Labo Tour

Day 4, November 7th

Session 1: New insights from the Geo-neutrinos Chair: Suzuki Katz
9:00 ★ Keynote Lecture: View and perspectives on the lower mantle from the Geo-neutrinos
 Stephen Dye (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Hawaii/Dept. of Natural Sciences, Hawaii Pacific University)
9:35 Geo-neutrino measurement with KamLAND and future prospects.
 Hiroko Watanabe (Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University)
9:55 Core and Mantle compositions: Neutrino geophysics insights
 William McDonough (Geology, University of Maryland)
10:20 Coffee Break
Session 2: Round Table Chair: John Hernlund
12:00 Concluding remarks by Taku Tsuchiya
12:10 The end